Mt. Emei lies in the southern area of Sichuan basin in China. Mt. Emei is one of the four s acred Buddhist Mountains in China. It is said that Mt. Emei derived its name from two peaks which face each other and look like eyebrows. The whole mountain range extends over 200 kilometers in length and breadth.
Ever since the introduction of Buddhism into China in the 1st century AD, Buddhist buildings have been built on the mountain. Now there are more than one hundred temples and monasteries. It is known as the place of Buddhist Rites of Puxian.
Mt. Emei is rich in natural and cultural heritage and carries several monikers: "Kingdom of Plants"," Paradise of Animals"," Geological Museum", "Buddhist Celestial Mountain" and is particularly famous for the title, " Elegance of Mt. Emei Under The Sun".
The Four Wonders of Mt. Emei are the Golden Summit Sunrise, sea of clouds, Buddha's Halo and the Holy Lamp. The main attractions include the Baoguo Temple, Fuhu Temple, Leiyin Temple and many other spots. In 1996, Mt. Emei and the Grand Buddha in Leshan were included in the List of the World Famous Cultural Relics.
One passes through four seasons in a day in the 5 kilometers from the base to the summit. The hike takes most people a full day up and a full day back down; the monasteries along the way and at the top offer overnight accommodations for travelers at reasonable prices. As you make your way up, expect to encounter plenty of pilgrims trudging their way steadily upward.
The stamina of some of the older pilgrims is sure to surprise you. The monkeys aren't really dangerous, but it's probably better to appease them.
The most varied topography of Emeishan includes a range of landscape of high peaks and deep gullies. These landscapes are direct result of special geological structure of Emeishan. The majority of the late Precambrian sedimentary strata are well developed. The Emeishan basalt of late Permian is of particular stratigraphic significance.
"Buddha's halo" and Holy lights
1. "Buddha's halo"
This is a special physical phenomenon. When the sun projects the shadow of the viewer on the clouds in front of him or her, ice crystals and tiny drops of water in the clouds may reflect the light to form a rainbow around the shadow. Only in few places with appropriate sync of light, landform and clouds could the halo be enjoyed.
2. Holy lights
On evenings when the moon can not be observed (either in the early or late period of a lunar month), and after rain, tourists may see countless shining balls of light rising from the foot of the cliff and floating up in the air. This is the mysterious scene of "holy lights".
Mt. Emei is one of the most attractive tourist attractions. It lies 150 kilometers away from Chengdu, 130 kilometers from the Shuangliu International Airport and only 28 kilometers from Leshan city.
Baoguo Monastery is the biggest monastery as well as the gate at the base of the mountain. This monastery was built in the 16th century, enlarged in the 17th century, and rebuilt in recent years. There are three treasures in this monastery: one is a 3.5-meter porcelain Buddha, the other is 7-meter 14-storied cupreous tower and another one is 2.3-meter great cupreous bell weighing 25 tons. To the left of the gate is a rockery for potted miniature trees and rare plants.
Atop the Wanfoding Summit, looking east, one will enjoy the seas of clouds under blue and clear sky. The Golden Summit is just towering aloft in the clouds. Magnificent temples and other buildings can be dimly seen in the sun, just like the mysterious Buddhist palaces.