Golmud is 1165km (722 miles) north of Lhasa, 781km (484 miles) west of Xining, 524km (325 miles) S of Dunhuang. And it is altitude: 3,000m (9,840 ft.). It is the important transportation hub to Lhasa by land. The first Tibetan plateau train starts here. Golmud is a Mongolian word meaning "a place concentrated with rivers." It issituated in the central-south of the Qaidam Basin on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and occupies an area of 124,500 square kilometers, or half the size of Britain.
Mt. Kunlun and Mt. Tangula traverse the entire region with a large number of snow-capped mountains, glaciers, rivers and lakes. Among the lakes, alkali flats, swamps, oasis and rolling dunes in the flat basin, Chaerhan Lake is the largest saltwater lake in the world, with an area of 5,658 square kilometers, giving Golmud its nickname "Salt Lake City."
The main attractions of Golmud
ChaKa Salt Lake
The Caka (meaning the sea of salt in Mongolian language) Salt Lake cocers and area of 105 square kilometers, and is a tyical chloride salt lake. The salt from Caka are sold in 20 provinces and cities, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, as well as in Japan and Nepal, and the Middle East. Tourists can take the train to the salt farm, watching the mining of salt, and admiring various salt crystals in the shape of pearls, corals, snowflakes, and mushrooms.
The Salt Bridge
The world-known Charhan Salt Lake vocers an area of 5, 868 square kms with 6 billion tons of mineral deposits. It leads the way in China in the deposits of potassium, magnesium, lithium, and sodium, and is the largest peopoldite producer in the country. The Qinghai-Tibet Highway, the highest of its kind in the world, runs through the salt lake. The colorful world of salt forms a unique view on the highland, lake, attracting visitors from all parts of the world. The lake has been prestigest as the King of Salt Lake. The Salt Bridge, 60kms north of the downtown area, stretches 32 kms, spanning over the salt lake. Entirely laid with salt, the bridge is straight, flat, and smooth.
Mt. Kunlun has been known as the Forefather of Mountains in China. The name of the mountain can be found in many Chinese classics, such as The Classics of Mountains and Rivers, Commentary on the Waterways Classics, and Canonization of the Gods (or Gods and Heroes). As legend has it, the goddess of Kunlun is Queen Mother of the West. The adobe of immortals in many ancient books is said to be the Heihai, or the Black Sea - the source of the Kunlun River, 4,300 meters above sea level, with an area of 60 square kilometers. The river region is an ideal home to birds and wild animals, such as wild donkeys, sheep, and brown bears. There are precious murals in Yeniugou, or Wild Bull Ditch. Textual research shows that this is where Taoist rites were performed during the late Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368).
Kekexili Nature Reserve:
Kekexili Nature Reserve was established with ratification of the government of Qinghai in October 1995. promoted to be a state one in December 1997 Location: From Yushu Autonomous Prefecture of Tibetan ，Qinghai. Its altitude: the average altitude is 5000 meters, and the highest peak inside is 6868 ms. It is one of the largest nature reserve in China as well as the highest sea level. Many wonders of nature exist in it, the valley, glaciers, salt lakes,hot spring, and wild animals.